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Pet Soft Tissue Surgery

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ICU at Animal Hospital Postojna

Soft Tissue Surgery

Traditionally, veterinary surgery has been devided into soft tissue surgery and orthopedic surgery with neurosurgery. Rapid development of veterinary  oncology together with surgical oncology and plastic and reconstructive surgery on the other side largely changed the view to this classification, but still, old system has it's value.

Soft tissue surgery in pets is an immense area of veterinary medicine, closely connected and under influence of internal medicine as large proportion of patients are being managed surgically after passing through departments of internal medicine and diagnostic imaging. Two big and typical areas of soft tissue surgery in dogs and cats are abdominal and thoracic surgery. This is a list of some surgically manageable diseases of abdomen and thorax in dogs and cats – gastric and intestinal foreign bodies, alimentary tumors, hepatic and biliary tumors, surgery of genito-urinary system – healthy – spayings and castrations or diseased – pyometra, tumors of ovaries and uterus,  urinary stones, bladder tumors, all sorts of hernias, being spontaneous or traumatic or even congenital – perineal hernia, umbilical hernia, and all traumatic hernias, like diaphragmatic hernia with dislocation of abdominal content into thorax. Large intrathoracic vessels anomalies, thoracic wall, mediastinal and pulmonary tumors can be managed surgically. Soft tissue surgery encompasses wound management, important area of surgery, which more and more are subject of reconstructive surgery.

Another important area of soft tissue surgery is ear, nose and throat surgery. Unacceptably large number of dogs and cats are living with so called terminal, end-stage otitis externa and media or have ear apparatus tumors and are not treated and diagnosed accordingly, although the course of the disease clearly shows that no medical treatment is successful  - CT scanning and ear surgery should be performed much more frequently in these patients to obtain a precise diagnose.
Regardless of the fact that soft tissue surgery is being shared by surgical oncology and plastic and reconstructive surgery, it was is and will be important and largest area of veterinary surgery.


Pets get critical care in ICU at Animal Hospital Postojna

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